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Milligan, Ex Parte
[71 U.S. 2]
Chase Court,  Decided 9-0,  4/3/1866
Read the actual decision

Arising in the throes of the Civil War, Milligan limited the ability of the president to set aside the Constitution even in times of emergency -- specifically as regards President Lincoln's lifting of the right of habeas corpus.

The decision also rejected the federal government's attempt to use a military tribunal to try "a citizen who was neither a resident of a rebellious State nor a prisoner of war, nor a person in the military or naval service" for supporting the Confederacy during the ongoing war. The defendant in question was a citizen of Indiana.

Stay tuned for a more complete synopsis of this case. Also see Ex Parte McCardle (1869) for a similar issue.

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     ... or on subject Emergency Powers    Find other Documents
     ... or on subject Rights of Accused    Find other Documents
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Other decisions pertaining to Emergency Powers:

Bass v. Tingy    [4 U.S. 37 (1904)]  Ellsworth Court
Schechter Poultry Corp. v. United States    [295 U.S. 495 (1935)]  Hughes Court
Schenck v. United States    [249 U.S. 47 (1919)]  White Court
Youngstown Sheet and Tube Co. v. Sawyer    [343 U.S. 579 (1952)]  Vinson Court

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